Lotem Elber-Dorozko is a PhD student in the field of computational neuroscience at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her research addresses the neural activity and computational principles that underlie learning and decision-making. To this end, she analyzes the behavior and neural activity of animals in decision-making tasks and compares them to predictions of computation models. Specifically, her central finding, supported in multiple publications, is that neurons in a brain region called striatum encode the values of actions, which are likely the result of an erroneous interpretation of unrelated neural activity. Currently, she investigates the unique contexts in which models that typically yield optimal behavior result in seemingly irrational behaviors, such as superstitions. Her experiments also inform her ongoing research in the philosophy of science, where she examines the explanatory value of computational and causal models in the cognitive sciences.