Dr. Shai Bel
Dr. Bel is a new researcher in the Faculty of Medicine at Bar-Ilan University. He investigates how the complex relationship between humans and their microbiome is sustained and why it breaks down in inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. The human intestine is home to trillions of bacteria, viruses and fungi – collectively, the microbiome. Recent discoveries have revealed that this microbiome plays an essential role in maintaining human health but is also involved in many human pathologies such as obesity, diabetes and autoimmune diseases. Dr. Bel and his research team use genetically engineered mice, combined with high-resolution microscopy and RNA sequencing to understand how the human body maintains healthy separation from the microbiome and the relation between that separation and inflammatory bowel diseases. Their mission is to understand the conditions for the development of these diseases and find ways to treat them.